Ghana operates a legal system that is based on the British Common Law system. Ghana is well noted for the competence of its judges, their integrity and the independent and fair posture of the judiciary. As per the constitution of the Republic of Ghana, justice emanates from the people and shall be administered in the name of the Republic by the Judiciary, which shall be independent and subject only to the Constitution. Citizens exercise popular participation in the administration of justice through the institutions of public and customary tribunals and the jury and assessor systems.
The Judiciary consists of:
(a) the Superior Courts of Judicature comprising:
- The Supreme Court which consists of the Chief Justice and ten other Justices, is the final court of appeal and has jurisdiction over matters relating to the enforcement or the interpretation of constitutional law;
- The Court of Appeal, which includes the chief justice and not fewer than ten other judges, has jurisdiction to hear and to determine appeals from any judgment, decree, or High Court of Justice order; and
- The High Court which consists of the chief justice and not fewer than twenty other justices, and such other Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature as the Chief Justice may, by writing signed by him, request to sit as High Court Justice for any period. The high court has jurisdiction in all matters, civil and criminal, other than those involving treason
(b) Such lower courts or tribunals as Parliament may by law establish.
For purposes of expediting judicial administration, without compromise to the integrity of the adjudicatory principles, fast track courts of the status of High Courts are also in place with distinct Court rules. Also to facilitate business transactions specially designated commercial courts of a High Court status are in place to adjudicate commercial disputes.
For additional information on the legal system:
Judiciary of Ghana: www.judicial.gov.gh
Ghana Bar Association: www.ghanabar.org