Ghana’s diplomatic presence in Benin was established on 6th April 1962, when Ghana officially opened its Embassy in Cotonou.
The relations between Ghana and Benin date back many years, before the respective territories became colonized. During the early part of the colonial era, characterized by trade in slaves and gold, the two territories were both victims of intensive exploitation. At the socio-cultural level, strong ties existed and continue to exist between the peoples of Ghana and Benin. Most of the ethnic groups in Southern Benin are related to the Ewes of Southern Togo and South-Eastern Ghana. Similarly, towards the north, the various ethnic groups have consanguine relations with the peoples in Togo and Ghana.
In the immediate post-independence era up to the early nineties, bilateral relations between Ghana and Benin were heavily steeped in political and cultural matters. However, in the early 1970s, buoyed by the economic aspirations of the peoples of the two countries and the intersecting interests of the business communities of both Ghana and Benin, economic relations assumed a much higher and mutually beneficial dimension, which was ultimately consummated in the formation of the sub-regional grouping ECOWAS in 1975.
Ideologically, Ghana and Benin have followed similar socio-economic development strategies since the attainment of independence. They experienced varying shades of democracy and socialism in the early 1960s, political instability due to coups d’état in the late 1960s to 80s, and now multiparty democracy. Consequently, the foreign policies of the two countries have shown similar orientation and Ghana and Benin share many common positions on issues of international concern. Their respective membership of several international organizations, notably the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of West Africa States, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Francophonie have further deepened the excellent bilateral relations that exist between the two countries.
The socio-economic cooperation between Ghana and Benin has, since August 1976, been conducted mainly within the framework of the Ghana-Benin Permanent Joint Commission for Cooperation.
The Agreement establishing the Permanent Joint Commission for Cooperation, was signed in August 1976 and ratified on 8 February, 1979. Within this institutional framework, the two countries have concluded various agreements of cooperation including the following:
|Agreement||Date of Signature||Date of Ratification|
|Agreement on Postal Services and Telecommunications signed in Accra||10th December, 1976||8th February 1979|
|Agreement on Health Cooperation, signed in Accra||10th December 1976|
|Agreement on Road Transport signed in Accra||10th December, 1976||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on Cultural Cooperation signed in Accra||10th December, 1976||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on Tourism Cooperation signed in Accra||10th December, 1976|
|Agreement on Agricultural cooperation signed in Cotonou||21st December, 1977||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on Judicial Cooperation signed in Cotonou||21st December, 1977||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on extradition, signed in Cotonou||21st December, 1977||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on Free Movement of goods and persons signed in Accra||24th August, 1978||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on the abolition of visas||8th February, 1979|
|Agreement on Trade|
|Protocol Agreement on Civil Aviation||1980|
|Protocol Agreement on the Exchange of Lecturers and Students signed in Cotonou||7th February 1985|
|Protocol Agreement on Military Cooperation signed in Accra||October 2011|